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Termites
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Ants
Crickets
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Bed Bugs
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Residential & Commercial Treatments

Common Pests in Oklahoma

Ants

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Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on blood. The term most commonly refers to members of the genus Cimex of which Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is the best known as it prefers to feed on human blood although other Cimex species are specialized to other animals, e.g., bat bugs, Cimex pipistrelli (Europe), Cimex pilosellus (western US), and Cimex adjunctus (entire eastern US).

The name of the “bed bug” is derived from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed.

Adult Bed Bug

Adult bed bugs are about ¼ inch long, oval, reddish-brown, and wingless. Their body is very flat, and they possess long, slender legs and antennae. They have a long, segmented proboscis (beak) that extends forward when the bug takes a blood meal. At rest, the proboscis lies beneath the body and projects backwards between the legs. Immature bed bugs are known either as “larvae” or “nymphs.” They closely resemble adults, but are smaller and less deeply pigmented.

A number of adverse health effects may result from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms.Diagnosis involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms.

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Adverse Health Factors

  • Carriers of Viruses (not found to be transmitted to humans)
  • Carriers of Bacteria (not found to be transmitted to humans)
  • Blood Loss Leading to Anemia (in bad cases)
  • Skin Rashes
  • Allergic Reactions
  • Emotional Distress
  • Loss of Sleep

Bed bugs have been known as human parasites for thousands of years. At a point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have been on the rise since 1995. They are well known as annoying biting pests, and they are increasing in importance, including in hotels and other lodging establishments in the U.S. You are encouraged to learn more about the biology of bed bugs and their association with homes, apartments, hotels, and lodging establishments so that you can make more informed decisions about health risks, how to protect yourself when traveling, and whether bed bug control is warranted in a residence or lodging establishment.

Roaches

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Spiders

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Termites

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